TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN AND
LA TRAITE DE FEMMES ET DE
Useful Web sites / Liens
avec des sites internet
Books and articles of
interest / Articles et livres intéressants
USEFUL WEB SITES / LIENS AVEC DES SITES
- Human Rights
Watch Lists the key HRW documents on trafficking
Trafficking in migrants Trafficking in Migrants aims at improving the
exchange of information on migrant trafficking by compiling and analyzing
information from the media, governments, inter-governmental and
non-governmental organizations, with information on trends, policies,
meetings, publications, and networking activities.
- Global Alliance
Against the Trafficking of Women GAATW seeks to facilitate on-going
development of discourse and action on issues related to what has
conventionally been described as ‘trafficking in persons’.
Human Rights Law Group Links to articles and legal documents on
- OSCE The
OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights has launched a number
of anti trafficking initiatives that cover a wide range of thematic issues and
also a wide geographic area.
- Office for Victims
of Crime Database of articles on trafficking of women around the world
Project This project also provides training. Among its many publications
is Human Rights Report on Trafficking in Persons, especially women and
children: a Country-by-Country Report on a Contemporary Form of Slavery, 2nd
and Networking Centre on Trafficking in Women and Children Focusing on sex trafficking, offers relevant
resources, including research, reports, organizations, and toolkits for action
(for professionals and community members)
- Save the
Children "Out from the Shadows and into the Light" – a program to
encourage young people involved in the sex trade to come forward
Stop the Traffic This website has an entire curriculum for school children
to teach about the dangers of trafficking and how to look out for it. For
a overview of all the UNICEF Reports on Child Trafficking online.
Department of Justice This is an online version of a pamphlet created for
NGOs. It lists relevant US laws, resources and guidelines for helping victims.
- War Against
Trafficking Alliance Save the Children Canada The goal of this
organization is to declare war on trafficking around the world. Their work
focuses on intervention, restoration and prevention.
- Focus on
trafficking The Information Campaign to discourage and prevent trafficking
in women in the Baltic region was launched in October 2001. The project aims
to increase awareness about the problems of trafficking in women among the
general population and especially potential victims, also relevant authorities
and NGOs in the Baltic States. The web site provides an overview of documents
and information gathered for the project. For more information on activities
against trafficking in the Baltic region
against Trafficking in Women – Canada The Canadian section of this
organization has requested changes to Bill C-11 (the bill that became the
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act), particularly in relation to
trafficking issues. They want to make sure that victims are seen as just that,
and not migrant criminals. For
the entire report detailing changes requested to Bill C-11
REPORTS / RAPPORTS :
of the Secretary-General to the 57th session of the Commission on Human
Rights, Traffic in Women and Girls, UN Doc. E/CN.4/2001/72 (January, 2001)
This document reports on activities for year 2001 of United Nations bodies,
such as UNICEF, UNHCR, ILO, United Nations Development Program and United
Nations Population Fund, on the issue of trafficking. Moreover it reports the
activities of other international organizations classed geographically about
the same topics.
- Conference Report
Transatlantic Workshop on Human Smuggling The Institute for the Study of
International Migration at Georgetown University and the European forum for
migration studies at the University of Bamberg co-sponsored two transatlantic
conferences on human smuggling and trafficking. This is the report of the
discussions about trafficking for sexual exploitation, consequences and
responses to this problem.
D’Cunha Technical Advisor on Migration and Trafficking, Trafficking in
persons: a gender and rights perspective. Expert Group Meeting on "Trafficking
in women and girls" 18-22 November 2002 The main part of this document is
dedicated to the identification of the main gender and rights concerns in the
trafficking process: those that render persons vulnerable to trafficking and
create and reinforce demand; those during transfer; those related to the
institutions into which they are trafficked, and those in the return and
Justice: Thai Women Trafficked into Debt Bondage in Japan. Human Rights Watch,
2000 Report on the trafficking of Thai women in Japan, from immigration to
the nature of the Japanese sex industry; explanation of the international
legal standards on trafficking; response of the Japanese and Thai legal
systems to trafficking include the mistreatment of trafficked victims by
public authorities; recommendations given to Japanese and Thai governments in
particular, and to other countries and intergovernmental organizations as
A report that reviews the situation and responses to trafficking in human
beings in the countries of Southeastern Europe: Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, Croatia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia, Moldova and Romania. These are the countries of origin,
transit and destination for the trafficking of women and girls for the purpose
of sexual exploitation. Children are also trafficked from Albania into Greece
and Italy for the purpose of forced labour.
"Esclavage moderne et trafic d’êtres humains, quelles approches européennes
?", Paris 17 novembre 2000 Recueil de toutes les interventions qui ont eu
lieu pendant ce colloque qui a reuni de nombreux intervenants européens. Il
est ainsi possible de lire l’exposé de M. Dottridge (Directeur de l ’ONG
Anti-Slavery International (Grande-Bretagne)) sur "les différents concepts :
esclavage moderne, traite des êtres humains, trafic de personnes (smuggling),
servitude pour dettes …" ou encore celui de M. Gramegna (Chef de la division
contre la traite, Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (Suisse))
sur l’"Assistance à la réintégration dans le pays d’origine des victimes de la
ARTICLES AND BOOKS OF INTEREST / ARTICLES ET LIVRES
- Anderson, Bridget and Julia O'Connell Davidson, "Trafficking - a demand
led problem?" 2003 Report published by Save the Children Sweden, Sida and the
Ministry for Foreign Affairs Sweden <www.rse/bookshop> (date accessed:
January 15, 2003).
- Andrijasevic, Rutvica. "The Difference Borders Make: (Il)legality,
Migration and Trafficking in Italy among eastern European Women in
Prostitution" in Uprootings/ Regroundings: Questions of Home and Migration.
eds. Sara Ahmed, Claudia Castaneda, Anne-Marie Fortier and Mimi Sheller (Berg,
Joanna, Peter Cullen and Felicita Medved, "Counteracting Human Trafficking -
Protecting the Victims of Trafficking", Paper, European Conference on
Preventing and Combating Trafficking of Human Beings, 18-20 September
Deborah, Kara Gillies, Chanelle Oliver and Mook Sutdhibhasilp, " Migrant Sex
Work: A Roundtable Analysis," Canadian Woman Studies. 20:2 (2000).
Declaration on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings http://www.belgium.iom.int/STOPConference/Conference%20Papers/brudeclaration.pdf
a broad range of papers on migration policy in the European context.
Janie. "Redirecting the Debate over trafficking in women: Definitions,
paradigms, and contexts." Harvard Human Rights Journal. Vol. 11 1998: 65. This
article deals with the fact that, according to the author, the scope of
trafficking is conceived too narrowly. It encompasses more than being forced
into prostitution. It includes all kinds of trafficking, including forced
labour and slaver-like practices. Narrow definitions of trafficking have
rendered international laws ineffective. In addition, even if international
laws are modified, states are often reluctant to enforce them domestically.
The article examines the scope and practical efficacy of existing and proposed
legal protections applicable to victims. It does not offer any solutions
however, the article explores the potential ramifications of alternative
Steve. No One is Illegal: Asylum and Immigration Control, Past and Present.
Stoke on Trent: Trentham Books.
Francois, "The Fight Against Migrant Smuggling: Migration Containment over
Refugee Protection," in The Refugee Convention at Fifty: a View from Forced
Migration Studies. eds. Joanne van Selm, Khoti Kamanga, John Morrison, Aninia
Nadig, Sanja Spoljar Vrzina & Loes van Willigen (Boston: Lexington Books,
John. "The role of Migration Policy in Creating and Sustaining Trafficking
Harm", Paper, European Conference on Preventing and Combating Trafficking of
Human Beings, 18-20 September 2002. http://www.belgium.iom.int/STOPConference/Conference%20Papers/OSLO.pdf
paper is of particular interest in addressing the need to critically assess
the trafficking issues.
Pascale, "Géographie de l’inacceptable." Gazette des Femme. Vol. 22 no 1. (May
June 2000): 27. Cet article a pour ambition de saisir toute l’étendu de ce
phénomène. Cela inclut des statistiques sur le nombre d’immigrants clandestins
et les profits realisés par les trafiquants d’hommes dans les pays les plus
developpés comme le Canada et les USA. Cela inclue également des informations
sur les origines des victimes, sur leur destin et sur la prostitution en
Tresa. Open Borders: The Case Against Immigration Controls. London: Pluto
Labour Office (ILO), "Getting at the Roots: Stopping Exploitation of Migrant
Workers by Organized Crime," International Symposium, The UN Convention
Against Transnational Organized Crime: Requirements for Effective
Implementation, Turin, Italy 22-23 February 2002.
Chin, Smuggled Chinese: Clandestine Immigration to the United States.
Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 1999.
Cynthia. "References to Trafficking in the Beijing + 5 Document," in Holding
on to the Promise: Women's Human Rights and the Beijing + 5 Review. ed.
Cynthia Meillon (New Brunswick: Center for Women's Global Leadership, 2001).
Nandita. “Travel Agency: A Critique of Anti-Trafficking Campaigns”, Refuge,
July 2003 http://www.globalhawaii.org/PDF/traffickpapers/Sharma.pdf
Grace. "Exposing age-old problems: Trafficking in women." ISIS Women In
Action. Vol. 32. (1998): 25-6. [Elements of trafficking in women, a list by
the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW), 27]. Trafficking in
women is becoming big business in Nigeria. Studies show that such activity is
most prosperous in countries ravaged by war or economic instability. Many
women are duped into paying large sums of money to facilitate travel abroad
and arrange employment. They soon find themselves in a situation of
debt-bondage, unable to pay back the vast sums owed their traffickers and
living illegally in a foreign country. There are no support mechanisms for
trafficked women. While Nigeria does have specific laws that prohibit
trafficking of women for prostitution and forced labour, there have been no
convictions. The continued existence and spread of trafficking in women
indicates that legal instruments are not sufficient in themselves to bring
- Sex Slaves: The
Trafficking of Women in Asia, by Louise Brown, Virago Press (2001) Defines the
main issues related to Asian sexual trafficking, including who the buyers and
sellers are. It also distinguishes and defines trafficking as opposed to
forced prostitution; talks about the "commodity" values as well as social,
economic and political contributors to the problem and talks about the agents,
defines internal vs. external trafficking, as well
as outlining the methods used to lure women into the industry.
Anthony. Global Apartheid: Refugees, Racism, and the New World Order. (New
York: Oxford University Press, 1994).
- Migrant Smuggling and Trafficking
in Persons, Canadian Council for Refugees, February 2000